King coconuts grow at the tops of 20 to 30-meter-tall palm trees, which are a bit shorter than other coconut palm varieties. They grow in clusters of up to 20 nuts, growing from smaller branches on a large stalk. King coconuts have an elongated oval shape, much like a football, with a pointed end opposite of the stem. The skin has a bright orange hue, and it may have the occasional dark mark or abrasion. King coconuts measure from 20 to 30 centimeters in length. They are harvested at around 7 to 8 months of maturity, which is about twice the age of a typical, young green coconut. The sweet and flavorful liquid within the nut contains electrolytes and minerals that mirror the needs of the human body. The liquid is hydrating, refreshing and has a cooling effect on the body.
Different between coconut and king coconut
King coconut does not produced much sub product like coconut do and that is the main disadvantage of king coconut over green ordinary coconut. If we consider about coconut ,normally the nut of coco produce shell, husk, coir, copra, coconut milk , oil , water etc but king coconut only produce the water and the flesh. The flesh of this king coconut cannot store as dried coconut . If we compare ordinary coconut and king coconut economical wise ,ordinary green coconut serves far better in economical than king coconut. the following image show the king coconut in right hand side and ordinary coconut in left.
King coconuts are a southeast Asian variety of tree nut, botanically known as Cocos nucifera var. aurantiaca. They stand apart from other coconuts with their orange colored skin and football-like shape. Although they are not as sweet as other varieties, they are the preferred coconut in the South Asian tropics, where they earned the name “King” of the coconuts. In the local Sinhalese, they are called Thambili. The palm fruits have been used in Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. Unlike the young green coconut, King coconuts are only used for the liquid within and they have no husk. Sometimes they are referred to as ‘coconuts for drinking’. They are harvested with extreme care, by hand and lowered from the tall palm trees using ropes and pulleys to avoid damaging the precious fruits.
King coconuts are used primarily for their “milk” or the liquid contained within its rind. To open a King coconut, cut the stem end with a sharp knife and cut around the stem end, at an angle, creating a beveled edge. Cut (or hack) across the white layer of pith until the layer is thin enough to poke a hole into for extracting the liquid. Once the liquid has been removed, the inside of the rind has a soft, somewhat gelatinous layer that can be eaten. King coconut water is used to re-hydrate, refresh and is best when drunk straight from the coconut. It can be added to smoothies or fruit juices. Store uncut King coconuts on the counter until ready to use. King coconut water can be kept for up to three days in the refrigerator.
King coconuts are a rich source of B-complex vitamins, amino acids, and electrolytes, which are minerals like potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, chloride and phosphate. The liquid within the King coconuts has more magnesium and calcium than an orange, and more potassium than a banana. It will naturally replenish the body’s loss of electrolytes by sweating during exercise or any other type of exertion. This helps prevent dehydration and fatigue. King coconuts contain bioactive enzymes which aid in digestion and help with the body’s metabolism. Studies have found the water has antioxidant properties. The liquid contains trace amounts of natural sucrose, fructose and glucose. Heating or any type of temperature pasteurization can reduce the nutritional benefits of King coconut water.